What is Neurosurgery?
The unit of hospitals or other health institutions that provides medical intervention for vascular occlusions, injuries in the brain and spinal cord region, and diseases such as waist and neck hernia arising from these parts of the body is called brain and neurosurgery. In the brain and nerve surgery unit, also known as "neurosurgery", diagnosis and treatment of individuals with nervous system diseases in different age groups from childhood to adulthood are performed.
What Diseases Does Brain and Nerve Surgery Treat?
The brain and neurosurgery unit deals with the treatment of diseases in the nervous system, including the brain, and the treatment of various disorders due to damage in this region. The neurosurgery unit provides services in various disease groups such as tumors and vascular diseases, traumas in the brain and nervous system, and spinal diseases. The diseases that the neurosurgery unit deals with are categorized and discussed in detail below.
1. Brain hemorrhage
Brain hemorrhage is a disease that occurs as a result of the rupture of the artery wall in the brain and the blood leaking into the brain tissue causing tissue damage in this region. Brain hemorrhages, which can occur spontaneously or due to situations such as an accident, impact, injury, etc., are a disease that requires urgent intervention. In the treatment of brain hemorrhages that usually require surgery, the intervention of the neurosurgery unit of hospitals or other health institutions is required.
2. Brain Tumors
A tumor is a benign or malignant mass that can appear in various parts of the body. The malignant ones of the tumors are known as “cancer”. Tumors in the brain cause symptoms such as "nausea, vomiting, balance problems, forgetfulness, fainting, visual disturbances (double vision, etc.), numbness in the arms and legs" and these symptoms negatively affect the quality of life. People experiencing these complaints should apply to the neurosurgery unit.
3. Brain and Vascular Diseases
Cerebrovascular diseases include stroke, lumbar and neck hernia, Parkinson's disease. These diseases can lead to problems such as paralysis, unconsciousness, visual and speech disorders, and balance disorders. For this reason, people who experience such symptoms should immediately contact the neurosurgery unit. Listed below are other diseases that are examined in the category of cerebrovascular diseases and therefore are also in the field of interest of the neurosurgery unit:
•Cerebral hemorrhage in the lining or tissue of the brain
•Waist and neck hernia
•Stroke and paralysis due to cerebral vascular occlusion
4. Spinal Disorders
Spine diseases that can occur depending on age can also be experienced as a result of trauma such as any accident, blow or injury. Joint-muscle pains, curvature, tumors, lesions, humpback (kyphosis), scoliosis and infections in the spine region are included in this group. These types of diseases cause chronic pain, numbness and can negatively affect people's mobility.
Stroke is a condition that occurs with symptoms such as “weakness in arms and legs, severe and sudden headaches, loss of balance, speech and understanding difficulties” seen in the body as a result of cessation of blood flow to the brain. Stroke, which is a serious disease that can lead to death, is a disease for which treatment should not be postponed.
6. Various Traumas
Damage caused by factors such as falling, injury, accident, gun injury, sports activities are called trauma. Immediate intervention is required for traumas occurring in the spine and head region of the body. Neurosurgery unit plays an important role in the treatment of these conditions.
7. Childhood Brain and Nerve Diseases
The neurosurgery unit also deals with brain and nerve diseases that occur in childhood. These cases, which include brain and nerve diseases seen from the mother's womb to the age of 18, are listed as follows:
•Skull shape disorders
•Increase in cerebrospinal fluid
•Nervous system disorders from birth
•Brain hemorrhages from birth
•Epilepsy and movement disorders
•Spinal cord tumor
•Spinal cord and vascular diseases
•Spinal cord closure defects