What is Pediatric Allergy?
The unit in hospitals or other health institutions that is involved in the treatment of allergic reactions that occur during childhood due to various reasons is called pediatric allergy. Allergy occurs as a result of the immune system's overreaction to basically harmless allergens, and pediatric allergy is the name given to the type of these diseases that occur in childhood.
Diagnosis, detection and treatment of allergies that may occur due to various reasons such as animal dander, dust, mold fungus, pollen, some foods and insect poisons in children are carried out in the pediatric allergy unit.
What Conditions Does Pediatric Allergy Treat?
The pediatric allergy unit is involved in the diagnosis, detection and treatment of childhood diseases caused by allergic factors. Diseases within the scope of the pediatric allergy unit are as follows:
•Atopic dermatitis (Eczema)
•Urticaria (popularly known as hives)
•Severe allergic reactions (Anaphylaxis)
These diseases can usually manifest as redness and itching on the skin, as well as symptoms such as a runny nose, shortness of breath, wheezing, diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, dry cough, blood or mucus in the stool. The pediatric allergy unit is responsible for understanding these symptoms and diagnosing the disease by using the necessary test methods. In the meantime, the pediatric allergy unit may request a blood test, patch test, provocation test, skin test or respiratory function tests from the patient. In this case, the patient should have the necessary tests done through the relevant health unit of the hospital and the doctor should evaluate the test results obtained. A diagnosis is made in line with the test results and the patient's existing complaints, and the treatment method is determined and put into practice in accordance with the diagnosis. The treatment methods applied in this unit include drug therapy, allergy vaccination and avoidance of allergen substances.