ВТОРОЕ МЕДИЦИНСКОЕ ЗАКЛЮЧЕНИЕ
Obesity Medical Treatment

The aim of obesity treatment is to ensure that the patient has a healthy and long life. For this purpose, diet, exercise and drug treatments are applied. The treatment method varies according to the patient's history and obesity limit.

Diet Therapy

Considering the gender, lifestyle, age and physical activity status of the person, diet therapy is applied to eat in a healthy and balanced way. Regulating the wrong eating habits in the process of becoming obese is very important in diet therapy. In diet therapy, after the body weight reaches the desired level, it is necessary to maintain this level and to maintain eating habits for life. In the diet treatment applied for children as well as adults, diet programs are made in a way that will continue their development and growth.

There are many important details in the diet programs organized for the person. Apart from the weight that the person should lose, the metabolic rate is also taken into account. Energy, protein, fat, carbohydrates, fluids, vitamins and minerals that should be taken in a day are determined and diet lists are prepared accordingly. The aim is to prevent other diseases that can occur by both losing weight correctly and depriving some nutrients.

Today, different diets are on the agenda. Some people say that they lose weight very quickly with these diets. However, the weight lost in this way negatively affects the health of the person. Common diets such as hunger, Swedish, alkaline have negative effects on the person.

Many people think of the "eating less" program when they say diet. People in the treatment of obesity should be fed 4-6 meals a day instead of few meals. With the diet programs prepared in the presence of expert dietitians, the hours when the person should eat are especially indicated. Eating at the specified times during the day is also very important for the person to place regular nutrition in his life.

Exercise Therapy

Exercise, which is one of the methods and sine qua non of effective weight loss, is one of the types of physical activity. The exercise, which is effective in the treatment of obesity, should be done 5 times a week on average, and each exercise should be done at moderate intensity for at least 30 minutes. Exercises that need to be done in a disciplined way can be shaped according to the age, gender, living conditions and sports history of the person. While walking, swimming, cycling can be among the exercises at a light pace, if the person has a predisposition, he can also prefer sports such as football and volleyball.

In addition to moderate-tempo exercises, the person should also do resistance exercises that will work the muscles such as abdomen, hips, legs, shoulders and back. These exercises, which will help to lose weight and reach the desired index of the body, should be done 2 or 3 times a week. The energy burning of all these exercises is valid not only during the activity but also after the activity.

In addition to diet, weekly exercise programs are one of the factors that prevent a person from gaining weight again. After reaching the desired weight, regular exercise should be continued. Exercise not only helps you lose weight but also makes you feel good. Loss of confidence during obesity can be restored with exercise, and it is effective in preventing many diseases. Exercise reduces the risk of many diseases such as decreased insulin resistance, cardiovascular, hypertension and diabetes.

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