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COVID-19 Home Care

Tips that may be important for you and your family if you have to get treatment for Coronavirus (Covid19) at home  

You have been diagnosed with Coronavirus (Covid-19) and your home treatment has been decided. What do you need to do for yourself and your family? Here's what you need to know about when emergency care is needed and what you can do to prevent the spread of infection. 

If you have been diagnosed with Coronavirus (Covid19) and you are taking care of yourself at home or if you are caring for a family member who has been diagnosed with  Coronavirus (Covid19) at home, you may have questions. 

How do you know when emergency care is needed? 

How long does the isolation take? 

What can you do to prevent the spread of germs? 

How can you support your patient and manage your stress? 

Here’s what you should know. 

Home Treatment Process  

It is important to consider how caring for a sick person can affect your health. If you are at an age that carries a risk or have a chronic medical condition such as heart or lung disease or diabetes, your risk of contracting the Coronavirus (Covid19) is much higher. Most people who are diagnosed with Coronavirus can recover at home with only mild symptoms. Symptoms can last for several days, and people with the virus may feel better in about a week. Treatment aims to relieve symptoms and includes rest, fluid intake, and medication as prescribed by your physician. You should strictly follow the doctor's recommendations regarding care and home isolation for yourself or your loved one, and if you have any questions about the treatment, you should definitely talk to your doctor. 

In such a situation, you might consider isolating yourself from the sick person and finding someone else to care for your patient. 

Emergency 

You should carefully monitor yourself or your loved ones for worsening and/or aggravation of symptoms. If symptoms worsen, you should call your doctor right away. If you or someone with Coronavirus (Covid19) experiences emergency warning signs, immediate medical attention is required. If the sick person cannot be woken up or if you see any signs of an emergency, including the following, you should call your physician or the Ministry of Health information line in your area. 

    Shortness of breath 

    Persistent chest pain or feeling of pressure in the chest 

    Bluish lips or face 

    High and persistent fever 

How Can You Protect Those Around You If You Are A Coronavirus (Covid19) Patient?

If you have a Coronavirus (Covid19) infection, you can help prevent the spread of it. 

    Stay away from work, school, and public areas unless you seek medical care. 

    Avoid using public transport. 

    Stay in one room, and away from your family and other people as much as possible. Open windows for air circulation. If possible, use a separate bathroom. 

    Avoid using common areas in your home as much as possible. Limit your movements when using shared spaces. Ventilate your kitchen and other shared areas well. Stay at least 2 meters away from your family members. 

    Clean frequently touched surfaces such as doorknobs, light switches and counters in your separate room and bathroom daily. 

    Avoid sharing personal household items such as dishes, towels and bed linen. 

    Wear a face mask when near others. Be sure to change your face mask daily. 

    If it is not possible to wear a face mask, make sure to cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or elbow while coughing or sneezing, and throw away the tissue you used immediately and wash your clothes. 

    Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol. 

How Can You Protect Yourself If The Person You Cared For Is A Coronavirus (Covid19) Patient?

To protect yourself while caring for someone diagnosed with Coronavirus (Covid19), the TR Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO) recommend the following: 

1. Keep your hands clean and away from your face. 

Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after close contact or staying in the same room with the sick person. If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. 

2. Wear a face mask. 

If you need to be in the same room as the sick person and they cannot wear a face mask, you can wear a face mask. Do not touch the front side of your mask. Stay at least 2 meters away from the sick person. 

If your mask gets wet or dirty, replace it with a clean, dry mask. Do not reuse used masks and be sure to wash your hands after mask change. 

3. Clean your house often. 

Every day, use household sprays or wipes to clean your counters, tops of tables, and frequently touched surfaces, including doorknobs. Avoid cleaning the sick person's isolated room and bathroom. When you need to clean, be sure to use personal protective equipment such as masks and gloves, and after the procedure, remove them and throw them in a separate bin. Do not forget to wash your hands after this process. Keep the bedding and items used by the sick person in a separate place and wash them without waiting. 

4. Pay attention to the laundry. 

Make sure you wash the sick person's laundry with the same detergent. Make sure that the washed laundry is thoroughly dried. If you are handling clothing contaminated by the sick person, wear disposable gloves and keep items away from your body. Wash your hands after removing gloves. Keep dirty gloves and masks in a separate trash can and be careful not to keep them in the house for too long. 

5. Avoid direct contact with body fluids of sick person. 

Use disposable gloves and a face mask when performing oral and respiratory care and handling feces, urine or other waste. Wash your hands before and after removing your gloves and mask. Do not reuse your mask or gloves. 

6. Avoid having unnecessary visitors at home. 

Do not allow visitors to your home until the sick person has fully recovered and the signs or symptoms of the Coronavirus (Covid19) have completely disappeared. 

Ending Isolation 

The following steps are recommended to be followed when home isolation of patients infected with Coronavirus (Covid19) ends. 

- When you have three full days without fever without using fever-reducing medication 

- When your other symptoms have improved 

and at least 14 days after your symptoms started, 

you can return to your normal life. Of course, you should not forget that standard isolation and protection measures continue for healthy people as well. 

The World Health Organization recommends that those caring for the sick person monitor their health for 14 days after the onset of symptoms.  Talk to your doctor regularly about your health during this period. 

Coping with Maintenance Stress

You may also feel stressed while taking care of your loved ones who are sick with Coronavirus (Covid19). You may be worried about your health and the health of the sick person. This can affect your ability to eat, sleep, and concentrate, as well as any chronic health problems, if any. It may also increase your use of substances such as alcohol and tobacco. You or your loved ones may need emotional support when they recover. Stay connected with others through phone calls, digital communications or video conferences. Share your concerns. Avoid listening and/or watching too much Coronavirus (Covid19) related news. Rest and focus on fun activities such as reading, watching movies or playing online games. 

If you have a mental health condition such as anxiety or depression, continue your treatment without interruption. If your condition worsens, consult your doctor or specialist. 

Follow these steps to take care of yourself: 

    Maintain your daily routine, including showering and dressing. 

    Take a break from Coronavirus (Covid19) news, including social media. 

    Eat healthy meals and be sure to drink enough water. 

    Exercise. 

    Get plenty of sleep. 

    Avoid using drugs and alcohol. 

    Do stretching, deep breathing exercises, and meditation. 

    Focus on enjoyable activities. 

    Connect with others and share how you feel. 

Taking care of yourself and taking care of your health can help you cope with stress. It will also help you support the healing of your loved ones. 

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