What Is Medical Oncology?
Patients diagnosed with cancer should be subjected to a rigorous application in the diagnosis, treatment planning and treatment process. The medical oncology unit, which has a multidisciplinary approach, takes part in the successful execution of the patient's treatment process and in the follow-up of every stage of this process. This process, carried out by specialist medical oncologists, begins with the preparations for the patient to have a comfortable treatment phase. According to the size and condition of the detected mass, the treatment process continues by choosing chemotherapy or drug therapy.
The medical oncology unit cooperates with radiology, pathology, nuclear medicine, radiation oncology and other internal medicine units and takes all necessary measures to maintain a healthy treatment. All tests and examinations of cancer patients who need treatment, as well as people with suspected cancer, are performed with precision. In this way, early detection of cancer cells is provided and quickly passed to the treatment stage.
The chemotherapy process required for cancer treatment is carried out with outpatient treatment in the medical oncology service. In cases where the patient's general health does not allow outpatient treatment, inpatient treatment procedures are initiated with the approval of a specialist oncologist. The patient undergoing treatment stays in constant communication with the doctor in order to access the correct information about the treatment stages from his/her admission. In addition, relatives of patients can also receive counseling from medical oncology nurses and Clinical Psychologists of the service to get more detailed information about the functioning of the process.
What Diseases Does Medical Oncology Look For?
In addition to providing medical oncology, cancer-related chemotherapy and support services, it provides a wide range of treatment to its patients. Chemotherapy, algology, immunotherapy, symptomatic treatment, nutritional and psychological support services after chemotherapy; It is among the services provided to patients who apply to the medical oncology unit.
Chemotherapy, which is often among the preferred treatment methods for cancer diseases, is used to prevent the proliferation and growth of cancer cells within the body. Chemotherapy, a drug-enhanced treatment method, is now more easily realized with the development of medicine. Drugs to be used in chemotherapy treatment: It is determined by factors such as whether cancerous cells are benign or malignant, whether they have spread or not and body resistance. In addition, depending on the diagnosis made by the oncologist, more than one chemotherapy drug can also be used in combination. Treatment cures are determined according to these elements, depending on the course of the patient, the dose can be increased or reduced.
Immunotherapy, on the other hand, attracts attention as a new and up-to-date treatment method used in cancer diseases. Immunotherapy, which gives more effective results compared to chemotherapy, allows plasma delivered through a vein to strengthen the immune system and allow cells to regenerate on their own. In this way, cells become immune to cancer cells, while the resistance of cancer cells weakens after a while. On the other hand, side effects such as hair loss, nausea and heartburn are not observed in immunotherapy treatment. For the application of immunotherapy treatment, it is required that the cancer treatment reaches the 4th phase or that the cancerous cells metastasize.
In early diagnosed cancer patients, symptomatic treatment methods can be used to prevent spread and minimize side effects. If the body's resistance drops during the treatment process, the cancer cells spread faster, which leads to more different symptoms. The aim of symptomatic treatment within the scope of supportive treatment is to prevent the manifestation of different symptoms and to make the patient more comfortable to undergo the treatment process. In addition, if advanced stages of cancer have been reached and there are difficulties in continuing treatment, symptomatic treatment process is initiated and side effects are eliminated.
Regardless of the stage of cancer treatment, another auxiliary treatment recommended by oncology specialists is algology. In the treatment of cancer, pain caused by inflammation, muscle pain caused by immobility, and chronic pain after treatment can be experienced. Algology treatments are also used to relieve these pains. After chemotherapy, the pain is quickly eliminated with the help of cream, lotion, spray and drug treatment applied by an algologist. In addition, treatment methods such as nerve blocks and pain pumps can be applied in cases where the body is affected by nerve and movement.
Research shows that one of the most important resistances to beat cancer is a healthy and balanced diet. The medical oncology unit helps the immune system stay strong by sharing nutritional recommendations that will keep the body's resistance at a high level for its patients. As it is known, there is a direct link between the success of cancer treatment and the strong immune system. For this, oncologists and dietitians determine an immune system-boosting nutrition schedule for patients undergoing cancer treatment.
In order to overcome cancer, it is very important to be psychologically motivated as well as having strong body resistance. Patients whose severe treatment process causes psychological depression can be negatively affected in terms of body resistance and immunity after a while. The psychological support process, which will be contributed by the medical oncology unit, as well as the family and close environment, provides mental comfort by directly affecting the patient's healthy treatment process.