What is Pediatric Health and Diseases?
Child health and diseases is the science that provides preventive health services, diagnosis and treatment of all children from the newborn period to the age of 18. First of all, it is essential to follow up healthy children, monitor their development, and take preventive measures against diseases. However, if a disease develops; examination, treatment and follow-ups are performed by pediatricians.
While these services are provided in the general pediatric outpatient clinic, our physicians are accepting patients in many sub-branch outpatient clinics.
What Diseases Does Child Health and Diseases Treat?
Physicians, who work meticulously in the diagnosis and treatment of many different ailments, starting from anomalies or disorders that may occur in the baby in the womb during pregnancy, serve in the following areas:
Congenital anomalies, burns and injuries that require surgical intervention, circumcision in boys, appendicitis, anal fissures or polyps, hernia types, disorders such as hemangioma or lesion on the skin, and many other different fields are within the scope of pediatric surgery.
Hematology, which means blood science, is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of blood and bone marrow diseases. Hematological diseases seen in childhood include fatigue, exhaustion, frequent infections, enlarged lymph nodes, bone and joint pain, bleeding, weight problems, polycythemia, jaundice, lymphoma, leukemia and Mediterranean anemia.
The branch of nephrology dealing with kidney and urinary system diseases includes processes such as urinary tract infections, acute renal failure, dialysis, antenatal hydronephrosis, urinary system anomalies, urinary system stone disease, vesicoureteral reflux and kidney transplantation.
The esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas and gallbladder are the organs that make up the digestive system. Gastroenterology is the branch of science that examines all organs in the digestive system and the diseases arising from these organs. The unit that checks and treats all children aged 0-18 in this area is the pediatric gastroenterology unit.
The main diseases this unit treats are constipation, diarrhea, reflux, jaundice, celiac disease, lactose intolerance and other gastroenterological system diseases.
Pediatric rheumatology is a branch of science that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases of individuals between the ages of 0-18. Childhood rheumatic diseases are multisystem diseases characterized by acute and chronic inflammation of the musculoskeletal system (joints and muscles), vessels, and skin.
The main diseases are; Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF), Recurrent Fevers Due to a Genetic Disorder, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (Childhood Rheumatism), Psoriatic arthritis, Enthesitis-related arthritis, Juvenile Spondyloarthropathy, Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Vasculitis, Henöch Schonlein Purpura, Kawasaki disease, Behçet's disease (BS), Childhood dermatomyositis (juvenile dermatomyositis), Scleroderma, pain syndromes, Hypermobility syndrome and other rheumatological system diseases.
Pediatric cardiology is the branch of science that deals with the heart problems of all children up to the age of 18, starting from the time the baby spends in the womb. In this process, heart diseases in children may be congenital or may appear later. The pediatric cardiology department deals with the treatment of not only children up to the age of 18, but also adults with congenital heart disease.
Endocrine glands in the body undertake the task of secreting hormones. The system in which all endocrine glands are located is the endocrine system. Secreted hormones have various tasks such as growth, development, reproduction, and controlling external reactions. Endocrinology is the branch of the unit that deals with the diseases that occur due to the fact that the glands do not work correctly and properly. The unit that deals with the hormonal disorders of all children in the 0-18 age group and the diseases that occur in response to these disorders is pediatric endocrinology.
The main diseases are; Early Puberty, Growth Retardation, Obesity, Diabetes, Thyroid and Goiter, Rickets, Turner Syndrome, Sexual Development Disorders, Osteoporosis (Bone Loss) and other rheumatological system diseases.
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
The department, which monitors the mental, cognitive, social and academic development of individuals under the age of 18 by physicians specializing in child and adolescent mental health after medical education, is under the expertise of child and adolescent psychiatry. Child and adolescent psychiatry helps clients in the treatment of many mental problems as well as disorders such as attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, depression, autism, learning disorders, trauma, obsessive-compulsive disorders, personality problems, sleep problems, eating problems, speech disorders and sexual development.
Pediatric Immunology and Allergy Diseases
Allergic diseases, known as an overreaction of the immune system against normally harmless allergens, reduce the quality of life of individuals. Pediatric immunology and allergy unit deals with the diagnosis and treatment of immune system and allergic diseases resulting from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Physicians who diagnose and treat diseases such as allergic rhinitis, asthma, eczema, atopic dermatitis, food allergies and allergic rhinitis, as well as conditions that cause major reactions in the body such as bee stings and anaphylaxis are included in this unit.
Cancers that occur as a result of the uncontrolled proliferation of body cells are among the serious diseases that affect children as well as adults. Pediatric oncologists, who diagnose and treat diseases in this field, play an effective role in the diagnosis and treatment of oncological disorders such as lymphoma, leukemia and different types of tumors that can occur in different parts of the body.
In addition to the diseases mentioned above, pediatricians work in a very wide area for babies, children and adolescents. Physicians, who work in a wide range of areas from emergency services of hospitals to intensive care units, from routine baby development controls to serious pediatric diseases, aim to raise healthy individuals by meticulously performing their duties.